Understanding Patrol and Escort Services (Patwal), Their Functions, and Procedures

Understanding Patrol and Escort Services (Patwal), Their Functions, and Procedures

In Indonesia, Patrol and Escort Services (Patwal) play a vital role in ensuring security and safety during high-mobility activities involving high-ranking state officials or international delegations. This article will provide an in-depth understanding of what Patwal services are, their functions, and procedures.

What is Patwal?

Patwal, short for Patrol and Escort, is a police service responsible for escorting VIP convoys, humanitarian aid convoys, emergency situations requiring traffic management, and individuals or groups needing security, smooth traffic flow, and time efficiency during their travels.

Requirements, Functions, and Procedures

Patwal services are not provided indiscriminately but require an official request and must meet certain criteria set by the police. These criteria may include the importance of the convoy, potential security risks, and more.

The functions and duties of Patwal are not limited to escorting; they also include monitoring and managing traffic to prevent congestion or accidents.

Each escort request is assessed based on these aspects to determine whether Patwal services are necessary.

Who Can Use Patwal Services?

According to Government Regulation No. 43 of 1993, particularly Article 65, Paragraph 1, there are specific regulations regarding priority usage of roads that must be granted to various users. The following are the priority groups for road use:

  1. State Officials
    • The President, Vice President, ministers, and other high-ranking officials often receive Patwal escorts during official trips to ensure their safety.
  2. State Guests
    • Foreign heads of state or government, ambassadors, and official delegations visiting Indonesia are also escorted by Patwal.
  3. State Activities
    • Events and state activities involving high-ranking officials or important foreign guests often use Patwal services to manage traffic and secure the events.
  4. Ambulances
    • Ambulances carrying patients or in other emergency situations are given high priority.
  5. Funeral Processions
    • Funeral convoys receive priority on the road, reflecting respect for the deceased.
  6. Firefighting Vehicles on Duty
    • Firefighting vehicles on duty are prioritized to handle emergency fire situations promptly.
  7. Other Special Escorts
    • Under certain conditions, individuals or groups needing special traffic management can receive Patwal escorts.

Patwal services, often associated with state and emergency activities, can also be accessed by the general public under specific conditions.

The availability of these services for the public is outlined in Government Regulation No. 43 of 1993 on Road Traffic and Infrastructure, providing comprehensive guidelines on road usage priority.

Authority and Trust

Patwal units have recognized authority in traffic management. They are trusted by the public and other institutions due to their high integrity and professionalism.

This trust is crucial as Patwal duties often involve quick decisions impacting public safety.

Patwal personnel are specially trained police officers skilled in managing and directing traffic.

In their duties, Patwal often participates in operations requiring precision and caution.

These skills are supported by the ability to drive vehicles at high speeds safely and a thorough understanding of traffic regulations.


The role of Patwal in the police system is crucial, as they are at the forefront of ensuring smooth traffic flow and public safety. With high expertise, experience, and authority, they gain public trust to perform these important tasks. Patwal units are ready to face increasingly complex challenges in maintaining traffic security in the future.

Nawakara, as a security service provider, collaborates with the police to help you obtain Patwal services. You can contact us and provide detailed information through our contact link at Nawakara.


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