ISPS Code: Definition and Its Implementation in Indonesia

ISPS Code: Definition and Its Implementation in Indonesia

Maritime security is a necessity for the smooth sailing of trade and distribution of goods between countries. Zero incident targets for maritime security threats has been a mandatory requirement for every country. Since it was brought into force in 2004, the ISPS Code has been the standard for maritime security internationally. Even more, as part of SOLAS, the ISPS Code is mandatory for its Contracting Parties, including Indonesia.

 

So, what is the ISPS Code?

ISPS Code or International Ship and Port Security Code, as its name suggests, is “a comprehensive set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities,” divided into two parts; Part A and Part B.

Part A of the ISPS Code is a mandatory requirement for ships and port facilities of the Contracting Parties to SOLAS. While Part B of the ISPS Code functions as a guidance that should be considered when implementing the security provisions in Part A.

In Indonesia, the ISPS Code has been adopted into the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 17 of 2008 About Shipping (Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 17 Tahun 2008 Tentang Pelayaran) that’s passed into the Government Regulation Number 31 of 2021 on the Administration of Shipping Affairs (Pemerintah No. 31 Tahun 2021 tentang Penyelenggaraan Bidang Pelayaran), to complement the Regulation of the Minister of Transportation of The Republic of Indonesia Number PM 134 of 2016 on Ship and Port Facilities Security Management (Peraturan Menteri Perhubungan Republik Indonesia Nomor PM 134 Tahun 2016 tentang Manajemen Keamanan Kapal dan Fasilitas Pelabuhan) as a regulation that will guide the implementation of the ISPS Code in Indonesia.

Then, what kind of ships and ports that need to comply with the ISPS Code?

 

Ships and Ports that need to Comply with ISPS Code

Based on the ISPS Code, the kind of ships and ports that need to comply with ISPS Code are;

  • Ships
  1. Passenger ships, including high-speed passenger craft;
  2. Cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 500 GT (Gross Tonnage) and upwards;
  3. Mobile offshore drilling units
  • Ports

Ports that need to comply with the ISPS Code are port facilities that serve the kinds of ships mentioned above, that include terminals managed by Port Enterprises, special terminals and terminals for individual interest.

Being a regulation that is used to enhance security, could security companies or BUJP (Badan Usaha Jasa Pengamanan) have a role in assisting the implementation of ISPS Code in Indonesia?

 

Roles of BUJP in Implementing ISPS Code

Based on the Regulation of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia No. 31 of 2021 (Peraturan Pemerintah No. 31 Tahun 2021) and the Regulation of the Minister of Transportation Number PM 134 of 2016, a BUJP, which in this context is called an RSO (Recognized Security Organization) could help in the implementation of the ISPS Code in Indonesia.

Though the BUJPs that will be able to help in implementing the ISPS Code in Indonesia must first be chosen by the Director General of Sea Transportation.

Once chosen, the duties and authorities of the BUJP in implementing the ISPC Code in Indonesia are;

  1. Composing the Ship Security Assessment (SSA) and the Port Facility Security Assessment (PSFA)
  2. Assisting in composing the Ship Security Plan (SSP) and Port Facility Security Plan (PFSP)
  3. Conducting mandatory IMO model course training for port facilities personnel, company security officer, and ISPS Code internal auditor
  4. Assisting in conducting drill, exercise, and other mandatory activities for ship and/or port facilities parties in accordance with the code requirements.

A BUJP could be appointed as an RSO for three year that could extend once the requirements are met.

 

Nawakara as an RSO

Nawakara has been appointed as an RSO through the Decision of the Director General of Sea Transportation: KP-DJPL 430 of 2022 (Keputusan Direktur Jenderal Perhubungan Laut Nomor: KP-DJPL 430 Tahun 2022).

Hence, Nawakara has duties and authorities in assisting the implementation of ISPS Code in Indonesia.

Nawakara’s RSO expert has assisted in implementing the ISPS Code in multiple port & offshore facilities such as multi-purpose terminals, container terminal, oil and gas terminal, special terminal/terminal for individual interest, and much more.

Services that could be provided by Nawakara are;

  1. Port & Ship Assessment

Conduct assessment or reassessment for port or ship with risk analysis method recommended by IMO.

  1. Port & Ship Security Plan

Assistance or consultation for Port Security Facility Plan (PSFP) document creation based on the standard implemented internationally.

  1. Verification Assistance

Assistance in preparation of port facilities at facing the verification conducted by the Ministry of Transportation and accompanying the Port Facility Security Officer (PSFO) in that activity.

  1. IMO Model Course 3.21

PSFO certification for conducting security management in port facilities.

  1. ISPS Code Internal Audit Training

ISPS Code internal audit certification for port facilities operator to prepare audit internal staff in ship and port facilities security management system.

  1. IMO Model Course 3.24

Security guard certification to prepare competent security guards in implementing the PSFP.

  1. IMO Model Course 3.25

Certification for personnel working in the port facilities. Ensuring them to have the competency in understanding the ISPS Code and the ability to work together in implementing the PSFP.

  1. ISPS Code Drill

Testing the execution of port/ship safety procedure in responding maritime threats scenario using APEC Maritime Security Manual method.

  1. ISPS Code Exercise

Testing the ability of ship or port facilities in responding to maritime transportation threats scenario using the APEC Maritime Security Manual method.

The consistency in the implementation of the ship and port facilities security management system based on the standard set by the ISPS Code is very important to minimize potential maritime security threats in maritime transportation activities.

Experience has shown that failure to implement a security management system for ship and port facilities could create disaster that costs a lot of life and destruction.

Failure to implement ship and port facilities security management could also lead to exclusion from the international community.

With our plan-prevent-protect framework, Nawakara will help you to prepare and implement the ISPS Code consistently and ensure the minimization of maritime transportation security threats.

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